Le prince l argent les hommes au Moyen ge
L’histoire de l’impôt, de la monnaie et des institutions financières propres à la principauté bretonne du temps des ducs de la maison de Montfort (1364-1514) a fourni sa nécessaire trame à la thèse d’État de Jean Kerhervé avec la mise en place et le développement des services centraux d’ordonnancement et de contrôle de la dépense, le renforcement des structures de gestion du domaine et, étape cruciale, l’institution de prélèvements réguliers sur les fruits de la terre, la consommation urbaine et les échanges marchands. L’impôt, sa perception, son emploi, les fluctuations de la monnaie dessinent un premier axe de ce livre : l’histoire des finances. Cependant, sans les hommes qui les animent, les institutions ne seraient rien et Jean Kerhervé s’est toujours attaché à une approche sociale des milieux professionnels liés au monde de l’argent. Les gens de finance, qu’ils soient gestionnaires de quelque fraction reculée du domaine ducal, receveurs de droits affermés, comptables centraux, conseillers de la Chambre des comptes... appartiennent tous à une parentèle avec sa stratégie propre, ses réussites, ses échecs parfois ; ils disposent aussi d’un patrimoine, et l’on connaît assez bien les manoirs ruraux comme les maisons en ville des plus fortunés. Grâce aux apports incomparables de la prosopographie, la connaissance des hommes, de leur culture, de leur mode de vie devient le prolongement naturel du dévoilement des mécanismes fiscaux. Cet argent collecté par le prince l’est dans la perspective d’affirmer le rang de son duché dans le concert des puissances atlantiques aux deux derniers siècles du Moyen Âge. La construction d’un État princier suppose aussi une idéologie qui le légitime. Le recours au passé se révèle essentiel pour l’illustrer : l’historiographie modèle le destin des principautés émergentes dans les décennies marquées par la guerre de Cent Ans. L’étude de ces convergences fécondées par la réinterprétation du passé oriente donc logiquement un dernier axe de cohérence.
The Argument of Psellos Chronographia
A penetrating analysis of the "Chronographia," which reveals how Psellos integrated his vision of a secular state and his philosophical opposition to Christianity into a historical narrative. Psellos' dissimulation and rhetorical techniques are examined thoroughly.
Le Songe Du Vieil Pelerin
This French medieval text is now published in its entirety, accompanied by an introduction and extensive synopses in English. Philippe de Mezieres (1327-1405) was a French soldier, publicist and statesman who travelled widely through much of the Christian world and served a number of rulers, particularly the King of Cyprus and Charles V and VI of France. Throughout his life Philippe de Mezieres was obsessed by the ideal that the West must reform itself in the light of the Christian view of the good life and he urged all Christian rulers to join together in a final crusade to liberate the Holy Land and the eastern Christian empires. This is the underlying theme of Le Songe du Vieil Pelerin, Philippe de Mezieres' major work. It is divided into three parts: the first is a wide-ranging survey of the Christian world, the second an examination of the state of France and the third a study of the duties and requirements of authority. The style is highly allegorical but contains much personal observation and historical fact.
Walled Towns and the Shaping of France
This book focuses on the ways in which military technology, political and social trends, and shifting frontiers shaped the emergence of new forms of public authority and civic life as embodied in the "wall," an image at once intensely physical and deeply symbolic. It traces the evolution of towns across much of what is today France from the Middle Ages to the eighteenth century when the walls began to come down, opening up new, ultimately revolutionary possibilities for urban life. This long-term perspective on town fortifications - how they were built, the contests to control them, and how they shaped the lives of people both inside and outside them - in the end tell us much about the making of France.
A Cumulative Bibliography of Medieval Military History and Technology
This is the second update of "A Cumulative Bibliography of Medieval Military History and Technology," which appeared in 2002. It is meant to do two things: to present references to works on medieval military history and technology not included in the first two volumes; and to present references to all books and articles published on medieval military history and technology from 2003 to 2006. These references are divided into the same categories as in the first two volumes and cover a chronological period of the same length, from late antiquity to 1648, again in order to present a more complete picture of influences on and from the Middle Ages. It also continues to cover the same geographical area as the first and second volume, in essence Europe and the Middle East, or, again, influences on and from this area. The languages of these bibliographical references reflect this geography.
Regimes of Historicity
Fran�ois Hartog explores crucial moments of change in societyÕs Òregimes of historicityÓ or its way of relating to the past, present, and future. Inspired by Arendt, Koselleck, and Ricoeur, Hartog analyzes a broad range of texts, positioning the The Odyssey as a work on the threshold of a historical consciousness and then contrasting it against an investigation of the anthropologist Marshall SahlinsÕs concept of Òheroic history.Ó He tracks changing perspectives on time in Ch‰teaubriandÕs Historical Essay and Travels in America, and sets them alongside other writings from the French Revolution. He revisits the insight of the French Annals School and situates Pierre NoraÕs Realms of Memory within a history of heritage and our contemporary presentism. Our presentist present is by no means uniform or clear-cut, and it is experienced very differently depending on oneÕs position in society. There are flows and acceleration, but also what the sociologist Robert Castel calls the Òstatus of casual workers,Ó whose present is languishing before their very eyes and who have no past except in a complicated way (especially in the case of immigrants, exiles, and migrants) and no real future (since the temporality of plans and projects is denied them). Presentism is therefore experienced as either emancipation or enclosure, in some cases with ever greater speed and mobility and in others by living from hand to mouth in a stagnating present. Hartog also accounts for the fact that the future is perceived as a threat and not a promise. We live in a time of catastrophe, one he feels we have brought upon ourselves.
The Saints of Cornwall
Cornwall is unique among English counties, though similar to other Celtic lands, in its religious history. Its churches, chapels, and place-names commemorated not only the major saints of Christendom, but also many minor 'Celtic' ones, unique to single churches. This book breaks new ground by considering them all, comprehensively and in detail. The introduction explains how the cults came into existence, and how they shed light on early Christianity in the county. It follows their history up to the Reformation, and shows how popular devotion to the saints lingered even in the eighteenth century. The main part of the book provides a history of every known religious cult in Cornwall from the sixth century AD to the Reformation, with relevant information about its later history down to the present day. Every known site is identified (church, chapel, altar, image, holy well, or other outdoor feature), and every written source is discussed (saint's Life, liturgical commemoration, and calendar festival). This is the first time that a complete inventory of cults has been produced for an area as large as an English county. The work also includes many saints venerated in Brittany, Wales and England, and makes copious references to all three countries. It provides a major resource in the fields of medieval Church history, Reformation studies, folklore, and Celtic studies, as well as the history of Cornwall.
Manuscripts Market and the Transition to Print in Late Medieval Brittany
This volume surveys the production and marketing of non-monastic manuscripts and printed books over 150 years in late medieval Brittany. Through analysis of the physical aspects of Breton manuscripts and books, and of the prices, wages and commissions associated with their manufacture, Diane Booton exposes connections between the tangible cultural artifacts and the society that produced, acquired and valued them.
The French Descent into Renaissance Italy 1494 95
The French invasion of Italy under Charles VIII in 1494-95 has long been seen as inaugurating a new and wretched era in Italian history. The present volume, the work of an international team of contributors, seeks to question that assumption by focusing anew on the intricate politics of Renaissance Italy and the long history of Angevin attempts to impose their rule in southern Italy. It was later invasions, it is argued, that did most to reshape the politics of the Italian peninsula. These studies also look at social and economic effects of the French invasion, as well as its cultural aspects, not least the impact of Renaissance culture in France itself. Combining survey papers and research articles, this volume presents a new introduction to the history of late 15th-century Italy. The appendix, listing the Ilardi collection of microfilms, will also provide an invaluable guide to the diplomatic history of the era.
Wage Labor and Guilds in Medieval Europe
Epstein takes a fresh look at the organization of labor in medieval towns and emphasizes the predominance of a wage system within them. He offers illuminating comment on a wide range of subjects_on guilds and guild organization, on women and Jews in the work force, on the value given labor, and on the sources of disaffection. His book presents a feast of themes in medieval social history. David Herlihy, Brown University