A photobook about traveling. Includes images and textsUn fotolibro de imágenes y textos sobre viajar en México
Improving Urban Access
By 2050, two-thirds of the world’s population will live in cities. To thrive, they will need efficient and sustainable forms of transport, but to achieve this, the financial incentives guiding urban transport operation must change – and change rapidly. Urban transport plays a critical role in determining the social, environmental and economic shape of cities. Improving Urban Access: New Approaches to Funding Transport Investment provide innovative ideas on how we might reorganize transport finance to ensure that it is suited to serving the social, environmental and economic principles that must guide future urban living. Continuing the work begun by its predecessor, Urban Access for the 21st Century, the authors assess the complexity of implementing new finance approaches and suggest ways to make positive and radical changes. Although the range of revenue raising options remain limited to users, indirect beneficiaries, and the general public, these can be recast to transform the way transport is paid for and therefore how its services are delivered. New finance models only succeed when they are intrinsically linked to the economic, social, cultural and political forces that create urban life. Together these volumes provide a starting point for the deeper research and policy design needed to successfully create urban transport finance systems that can address the challenges that 21st century cities present.
Case Study Evaluation of the Boston Area Carpooling Program
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Sharing Solution The
Presents legal and practical methods to sharing resources, including automobiles, housing, and caregiving, and describes how sharing programs benefit the economy, community, and the environment.
Census Use Study and the County of Los Angeles Present Carpool
United States. Bureau of the Census A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Census Use Study and the County of Los Angeles Present Carpool Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
Carpooling Status and Potential
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Traveler Response to Transportation System Changes
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Can Carpooling Clean the Air The Economics of HOV Lanes Hybrid Cars and the Clean Air Act
Private vehicles are a significant source of air pollution in many areas of the United States. Areas with already high levels of air pollution are required by the Clean Air Act to take steps to reduce automobile use and the associated emissions. The behavioral implications of many travel demand management techniques are poorly understood. In this dissertation I focus on carpooling. Policy makers encourage commuters to carpool through High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes, free parking for carpoolers, attempts to connect carpoolers, and casual carpoolers (often called slugging). Despite these efforts, carpooling rates have been falling over time. One reason for the decrease in carpooling rates, is that carpooling comes with an additional set of personal costs. These costs include reduced route flexibility, assembly costs, and a loss of privacy when another person shares the car. Encouraging carpooling may not improve traffic conditions as much as advocates claim since new carpoolers may be people who would otherwise not have driven. Encouraging carpooling does not eliminate the root of all traffic problems: under- or un-priced road space. Traditional travel demand models take carpool mode share as exogenous. In this dissertation, I make the decision to carpool endogenous, and build a traffic equilibrium model based on the micro-economic foundations of individual route choices. I then use my model to evaluate High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes. I apply insights from these studies to a particular policy in California that sought to allocate space on HOV lanes to buyers of hybrid cars as an incentive to adopt this new technology. My dissertation is divided into four chapters. In Chapter 1, I review current models of carpooling behavior and route choice. In Chapter 2, I develop my micro-foundation model of carpooling behavior. In the Chapter 3, I apply and extend my model to the study of HOV lanes. In Chapter 4, I use data from the used car market to understand what happened when California allocated space in HOV lanes to hybrid car owners.
Individual mobility is one of the most important needs of modern society and an important link between private, public and economic life. In contrast, transport also entails severe environmental and social burdens, foiling current efforts for sustainable development. As the main source of CO2 emissions, transport is a prominent driver for climate change, and individual car traffic is responsible for nearly a third of the total energy consumption. However, we have to consider that many commuters feel indeed very dependent on their car. Here, ridesharing promises to contribute to environmental protection, while still offering individual mobility. Although ridesharing options have been discussed since many years, internet and smartphones provide completeley new opportunities to find ridesharing partners today. Thus, this book deals with current efforts on implementing flexible internet- and phone-based ridesharing services. With a main focus on the users‘ perspective, their demands and acceptance limits, we aim to explore success factors for non-profit, but also commercial ridesharing concepts.
Urban Transport XXI
Urban Transport XXI contains the proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment. The series of annual conferences organised by the Wessex Institute was first held in 1995. Transportation in urban areas, with its related environmental and social impacts, is a topic of significant concern for policymakers in both municipal and central government and for the urban citizens who need effective and efficient transport systems. Urban transport systems require considerable studies to devise and then safeguard their operational use, maintenance and safety. Transportation systems produce significant environmental impacts and can enhance or degrade the quality of life in urban centres. Clearly the challenge of providing effective and efficient transport systems in urban settings remains an acute concern, with financial, political and environmental constraints limiting the ability of transport system planners and operators to deliver the high quality outcomes expected by the public. Papers cover such topics as: Urban Transport Planning and Management; Urban Transport Strategies; Public Transport Systems; Environmental Aspects; Economic and Social Impact; Safety and Security; Travel Behaviour Studies; Customer Satisfaction; Transportation Modelling and Simulation; Infrastructure Development; Intelligent and Advanced Transport Systems; Transportation Integration; City Logistics; Resilience and Inter-modal Transport Systems; Mass Transport Strategies; Social Impacts; Freight Transport; Railway Systems; Transport Governance and Administration; Port and City; Mobility and Public Space; Life Cycle Management.